Training Adequate General Practitioners For Universal Health Coverage In India
The Indian health sector is continuously seeking to better its service offering. There are certain hindrances lying on the way. Some of the roadblocks are like population, infrastructure and insurance. These are preventing India’s move to expand its primary healthcare services. The service offering are part of the efforts to achieve a universal health coverage. The challenges are in recruiting, training and keeping the general practitioners.
India introduced the national health system reforms in two thousand and nine. These were intended to achieve universal health coverage by the end of two thousand and twenty. To address the growing inequalities in access healthcare across urban and rural areas an evident point was seen. Today primary healthcare is considered essential for universal health coverage. This is a key target of sustainable development goal. Reason being it provides financial protection against a catastrophic healthcare expense and ensures accessibility to necessary health services.
The reforms have achieved substantial progress. However, India now faces a rapid rising need. This is associated with population ageing and with chronic diseases. The non-communicable diseases already account for over sixty one percent of all deaths in India as per a WHO report . The Indian health system remains hospital centric. This has resulted in a spiraling health expenditure. As seen there has been a shift in primary healthcare to help achieve universal coverage. Also, to meet health needs now there is an emphasis on infection control and a patient centered approach. With proper support and control, the primary healthcare has the potential to achieve long term health savings.
Growing The Primary Care Workforce
The National Health Profile, 2018 report shows a startling fact. As per the report there is just one allopathic government doctor available for around eleven thousand and eighty-two people. A figure more than ten times the recommended ratio of one for one-thousand. The primary care in cities is mostly provided by licensed doctors. This is at community health centers and hospitals. The scenario in the rural areas is a bit different. The practitioners at village clinics are doctors with less formal training. Thus, a specialized training provided to the rural medical staff will do a world of good. Ultimately improving how India delivers the healthcare service.